The Truth About Life In The Middle Ages

The Truth About Life In The Middle Ages | Fascinating Fact

Facts About Life

Did you know that the average life expectancy in the Middle Ages was only about 35 years? Or that most people only bathed once a year? Learn more fascinating facts about life in the Middle Ages in this blog post. From food and fashion to hygiene and entertainment, get a glimpse into what daily life was really like for our ancestors. You may be surprised at just how different things were back then!

The Population of the Middle Ages

The population of the Middle Ages was greatly affected by the Black Death. This pandemic killed an estimated 75 to 200 million people in Europe, Asia, and Africa. The death toll from this disease was so high that it caused a significant decrease in the world’s population. Other factors that contributed to the decline in population were wars, famines, and diseases.

The Spread of Disease in the Middle Ages

The Spread of Disease in the Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, disease was a major problem. People didn’t know how to prevent or treat many illnesses, so they often died from them. The lack of sanitation also contributed to the spread of disease. People didn’t have toilets in their homes, and they would often relieve themselves in the streets. This would lead to the spread of bacteria and other germs.
There were also no hospitals during the Middle Ages. If people became sick, they would usually be treated at home by their families. However, there were some religious institutions that provided medical care for the sick and needy.
One of the most devastating diseases during the Middle Ages was plague. It was a highly contagious disease that was often fatal. The black death killed millions of people during the 14th century.

The Food Supply in the Middle Ages

The Food Supply in the Middle Ages

The food supply in the Middle Ages was quite different from what we are used to today. Most people were subsistence farmers, meaning that they grew just enough food to feed themselves and their families. They did not have any surplus to sell or trade.
There were also very few animals in the Middle Ages. This was since most people could not afford to keep them. Animals were only kept by the very wealthy. The only common domesticated animals were chickens and pigs.
The lack of animal protein meant that the diet of most people in the Middle Ages was quite carbohydrate heavy. Bread was a staple, as were beans, peas, and other vegetables. Fruit was also popular, especially in the form of pies and tarts.
One of the biggest differences between the food supply in the Middle Ages and today is that there was no refrigeration. This meant that perishable foods had to be eaten quickly or preserved through pickling, salting, smoking, or drying.

The Housing of the Middle Ages

The Housing of the Middle Ages

Housing in the Middle Ages was far different from what we are used to today. People were not as wealthy and therefore could not afford big, spacious homes. Instead, they lived in small huts or houses made of wood and wattle (a type of weaving). These houses were often one room and had a thatched roof. The floors were usually dirt.
There was no indoor plumbing, so people had to go outside to the privy (toilet). Most families did not have much furniture; a bed, a table and some chairs were all they needed. At night, people slept on straw mattresses placed on the floor.
The poor peasants who worked the land lived in even less comfortable conditions. They often had to share their one-room hut with their animals (cows, pigs, chickens, etc.). There was very little privacy and it could get quite smelly!

The Clothing of the Middle Ages

The clothing of the Middle Ages was very simple and practical. The main items of clothing were a tunic, a belt, a cloak, and boots or shoes. Men and women both wore tunics. They were made from wool, linen, or cotton and reached to the knee or lower. The tunic was usually belted at the waist. Cloaks were worn in cold weather and were made from wool or fur. They could be fastened at the neck with a brooch or clasp. Boots or shoes were made from leather and had thick soles to protect the feet from mud and dirt.
Both men and women wore their hair long. Men sometimes wore theirs in a ponytail or plait. Women often wore their hair in braids coiled around their head. Wealthy people could afford to have their clothes made from finer fabrics such as silk or velvet. They might also have gold or silver embroidery on their clothing.

The Sanitation of the Middle Ages

The sanitation of the Middle Ages was quite different from what we are used to today. There were no public sewer systems, and most people simply dumped their waste in the streets. This made for a very unsanitary environment, especially in crowded cities.
There were also no toilets as we know them today. Most people simply relieved themselves wherever they happened to be. This meant that human waste was often present in places where food was prepared and eaten. As you can imagine, this led to many cases of food poisoning.
Thankfully, Things have Improved a Lot Since Then!

The Education of the Middle Ages

Whereas in the Early Middle Ages education had been the responsibility of the Church, by the High Middle Ages a flourishing network of secular schools had developed, particularly in urban areas. These schools were initially attached to cathedrals or monasteries, but by the 12th century there were also many independent grammar schools. At these schools, boys (and sometimes girls) were taught Latin grammar, rhetoric, and logic.
The universities of Europe began in the 12th century as well, and quickly became centres of learning for the most gifted students from all over Europe. The first European university was established at Bologna in Italy, followed shortly thereafter by those at Paris and Oxford. These institutions were initially attended only by men, but by the 13th century some universities (including those at Cambridge and Padua) began admitting women as well.
The curriculum at medieval universities was based on the seven liberal arts: grammar, rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy. Students would typically spend four years studying these subjects before moving on to more advanced coursework in law or medicine. Throughout their studies, students would engage in lively debates with their peers and professors, an activity which encouraged critical thinking and helped sharpen their debating skills.

The Religion of the Middle Ages

The Religion of the Middle Ages

The religion of the Middle Ages was dominated by Christianity. Christianity is a monotheistic religion that believes in one God who created the world and all that exists in it. Christians believe in the Bible as the authoritative source of religious teachings and follow the teachings of Jesus Christ, who is believed to be the son of God.
During the Middle Ages, the Christian Church was very powerful and had a great influence on people’s lives. Most people were members of the Church and attended church services regularly. The Church played an important role in education and providing social services to the community.
The Church also had a great deal of political power and authority. The head of the Church was the Pope, who was based in Rome. The Pope had a lot of influence over rulers and governments. He could even excommunicate people, which meant they were no longer considered part of the Christian faith and were not allowed to participate in any of its activities.

The Technology of the Middle Ages

The technology of the Middle Ages was quite primitive by today’s standards. However, the people of the Middle Ages were quite ingenious in their own way and made do with what they had. Some of the most common technologies of the time include:

  • Bells: Bells were used for a variety of purposes, including signaling the start of a new day, calling people to prayer, and warning of danger.
  • Candles: Candles were used for light at night and were also used in religious ceremonies.
  • Farming tools: Farming tools such as plows and hoes were essential for growing crops.
  • Pottery: Pottery was used for storage and transportation of food and other items.
  • Weaponry: Weaponry such as swords and shields were used for protection and warfare.

The War of the Middle Ages

The War of the Middle Ages was a long and brutal conflict that lasted for over a century. It was fought between the Christian states of Europe and the Muslim states of the Mediterranean. The war began in 1095 when the Seljuk Turks, who were allied with the Muslims, attacked the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine Emperor asked for help from the Pope and the Western European monarchs. They responded by sending armies to fight the Seljuks.
The War of the Middle Ages was one of the most important wars in history because it shaped the modern world. It ended with the defeat of the Muslims and the establishment of Christian Europe as a major power in the world.

What was life like for peasants in the middle ages?

The life of a peasant in the middle ages was very difficult. They were required to work on the lord’s land for a certain number of days each week and then had to do their own farming on the rest of their time. They were also required to pay taxes to the lord. The peasants lived in very basic houses made of wood and straw. They did not have many possessions and had to work hard just to survive.

What was Life Like for Nobility in the Middle Ages?

The life of nobility in the Middle Ages was one of great privilege and power. nobles were able to live a life of luxury and ease, while most of the population lived a life of poverty and hard work. Nobles had access to the best food, clothes, and housing, and they were able to travel freely without worry of attack or robbery. They also had great influence over the government and the law, and they could often get away with crimes that would have resulted in severe punishment for commoners.

What types of foods were Available in the Middle Ages?

The three main staples of the medieval diet were bread, porridge and pottage. Bread was by far the most important, as it was a cheap and filling food. Porridge was made from oats, barley or rye and was eaten mostly by the lower classes. Pottage was a thick soup made with vegetables and sometimes meat.
Other common foods included beans, cheese, eggs, fish, fruit, mutton, pork, poultry and venison. Spices were used to add flavor to food and were often very expensive. The most common spices were pepper, ginger, cloves, nutmeg and cinnamon. Herbs were also used in cooking and were usually grown in kitchen gardens.

What types of diseases were common in the middle ages?

There were many diseases that were common in the middle ages. Some of these diseases were:

  • The Black Death: This was a disease that was caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. It was one of the most deadly pandemics in human history, and it killed an estimated 75 million people in Europe between 1347 and 1351.
  • Smallpox: This is a virus that causes a highly contagious disease. The disease is characterized by fever and a rash that can lead to death. Smallpox was responsible for the deaths of millions of people during the middle ages.
  • Typhoid Fever: This is a bacterial infection that is spread through contaminated food or water. Typhoid fever can cause severe illness and even death.
  • Cholera: This is another bacterial infection that is spread through contaminated food or water. Cholera can also cause severe illness and death.

What types of Entertainment were Available in the Middle Ages?

There were many types of entertainment available during the middle ages. One popular form of entertainment was jousting. This was a type of tournament in which two knights on horseback would charge at each other with lances. There was also falconry, which was a sport that involved training birds of prey to hunt. Other forms of entertainment included feasts, dancing, and plays.

What was Life Like in the Middle Ages?

The middle ages was a time period that lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It is sometimes referred to as the medieval period. During this time, Europe was going through a lot of changes. The Roman Empire had fallen and there was no longer one central government. This led to a time of chaos and war.
Most people during the middle ages lived in small villages. Life was hard for them. They had to work hard just to survive. There were no conveniences like we have today. People did not have much free time either. They were too busy working and taking care of their families.
Education was not widely available during the middle ages. Only wealthy people could afford to send their children to school. Most people could not read or write. This made it difficult for them to get ahead in life.
The church played a big role in people’s lives during the middle ages. Religion was very important to them. The church provided some structure and stability during this chaotic time period.

What were the Major Events of the Middle Ages?

The Middle Ages were a time of great upheaval in Europe. From the fall of the Roman Empire to the rise of the Ottoman Empire, there were many major events that shaped the course of history. Here are some of the most important events of the Middle Ages:

  1. The Fall of Rome: In 476 AD, the last Roman emperor was overthrown by a Germanic tribe called the Ostrogoths. This event marked the end of the Roman Empire and ushered in a new era known as the Dark Ages.
  2. The Rise of Islam: In the 7th century, Muhammad Sahab founded Islam and quickly conquered much of the Middle East and North Africa. By 1000 AD, Islamic forces had reached Spain and were threatening to overrun all of Europe.
  3. The Crusades: In response to Islamic aggression, European Christians launched a series of holy wars known as the Crusades. These wars resulted in centuries of conflict between Christians and Muslims and had a profound impact on both cultures.
  4. The Black Death: One of the most devastating pandemics in human history, the Black Death killed an estimated 75 million people in Europe during the 14th century. The plague had a profound impact on European society, leading to economic decline and social upheaval.
  5. The Renaissance: A period of creativity and progress, the Renaissance began in Italy in around 1400 AD and spread across Europe over the next few centuries. This period saw advances in art, science.

What were the major changes during the middle ages?

The Middle Ages was a time of great change in Europe. The Roman Empire fell, and new kingdoms were formed. Christianity spread throughout the continent. New technologies were developed, and trade flourished. Population growth led to the rise of cities, and new forms of government emerged.
The fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century caused major changes in European society. The western half of the empire collapsed, while the eastern half continued to exist as the Byzantine Empire. This created a power vacuum in western Europe, which was filled by new Germanic kingdoms such as the Franks, Lombards, and Visigoths. These kingdoms were very different from the Roman Empire, and they brought about many changes in European society.
Christianity also spread throughout Europe during the Middle Ages. This was largely due to the work of missionaries such as St. Augustine and St. Patrick. Christianity had a huge impact on European culture and society. It shaped art, literature, architecture, and law. It also played a role in politics and warfare.
During the Middle Ages, new technologies were developed that had a profound impact on European society. The invention of gunpowder changed warfare forever. The development of windmills and watermills made farming more efficient. New ways of making glass and metal improved architecture and artistry. Trade also increased during the Middle Ages, thanks to advances in shipbuilding and navigation.
Population growth was another major change during the Middle Ages.

What Impact did the Middle Ages have on Modern Day Life?

The middle ages had a profound impact on modern day life. The way we think about the world, our relationships with others, and even our very sense of self all stem from the medieval period. Here are just a few ways that the middle ages have shaped the world we live in today:

  1. The idea of chivalry – which dictated that knights should protect women and act with honour – was born in the middle ages. This concept has influenced how we think about gender roles and expectations throughout history.
  2. Gothic architecture – characterized by its pointed arches and elaborate stone carvings – first emerged in the 12th century. This style of architecture has had a lasting impact on our built environment and is still popular today.
  3. The feudal system – a hierarchal social structure based on land ownership – was also established during the middle ages. This system helped to shape the modern day class structure and political landscape.
  4. The black death – one of the worst pandemics in history – killed millions of people in Europe during the 14th century. This devastating event had a far-reaching impact on both economics and demographics, which can still be seen in some parts of the world today.
  5. Lastly, the Crusades – a series of religious wars fought between Christians and Muslims – began in the 11th century. These conflicts not only changed the course of history, but also left a lasting mark on both cultures that continues to be felt


The Middle Ages were a time of great change and upheaval in Europe. Life was often difficult and dangerous, but it was also a time of great opportunity. With the right knowledge, you could make a good living and have a comfortable life. We hope that these facts about life in the middle ages have given you a better understanding of what people went through during this time period.

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